On Monday, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed legislation that could keep him in power until 2036, when he turns 83 years

Putin, a former KGB officer who is now 68, ends his six-year term – his fourth as president – in 2024 He has already ruled the country either as president or as prime minister since over 20 years (see box) This is the longest period a leader has been in power since Joseph Stalin, who was General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1922-1953) and Prime Minister of the Union Soviet from 1941 to 1953

Before the new legislation was signed, a president could serve a maximum of two consecutive six-year terms This time limit remains even in the new legislation What has changed is that Putin’s previous terms will not be not counted once the new legislation comes into force These will be “zeroed”, giving him the opportunity to serve two additional consecutive terms after the current term ends in 2024

Putin remained in power for so long despite being limited to two consecutive terms as he alternated between his roles as president and prime minister At the end of his first two consecutive terms as president In 2008, Putin resigned for become prime minister while the president’s presidency fell to a chosen successor, Dmitry Medvedev

Until then, the Russian president’s tenure was four years, and Putin served as president from 2000 to 2008 Also in 2008, the president’s term was extended to six years, which is why the two terms Putin’s current successives last 12 years, from 2012 to 2024

The legislation Putin has now signed formalizes the changes to the Russian Constitution that were approved by the people in a referendum held last year The changes he proposed were approved by more than 78% of voice

In January 2020, he called for constitutional changes, including the removal of term limits.In a speech to the State Duma (Lower House of the Russian Parliament) in March 2020, Putin cited the example of US President Franklin D Roosevelt, who served four terms – from 1932, 1936, 1940 and 1944 Roosevelt’s four-term presidency paved the way for the 22nd Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1951, which limited the presidential term to two four-year terms

In his speech, Putin said that Roosevelt had to serve four terms due to the problems the United States was facing at the time (Great Depression, World War II) and that, therefore, impose limits on presidential terms were sometimes superfluous “In the conditions where a country experiences such shocks and difficulties, of course, stability may be more important and must be a priority,” Putin said in a Reuters report.

The amendments in Russia were passed by the Lower House of Parliament in March last year

Some critics have compared Putin’s decision to a takeover, while others have called it a “constitutional coup”

Golos, a Russian association that conducts independent election observations, called the July vote a “public relations campaign,” “… the aim of which was not to reveal the free will of citizens, but to form the necessary perception of this will by the authorities “

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Putin, Vladimir Putin

Global news – FI – Explained: Read the law that allows Putin to remain President of Russia until 2036

Source: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/vladimir-putin-russi-president-law-7261383/